Hong Kong Protests

    T.Y.Chiu, a student from Hong Kong

    Emails: I am not sure whether words can describe my how I feel in these two days. My parents are Hong Kong police… I understand their thinking: Students are controlled and brainwashed by other parties… the Hong Kong government is not good but better than the Chinese government, occupying Central would lead to a severe effect on Hong Kong’s economy and social disrupt[ion]… Whenever I tried to explain, they would say I am too young to understand these things… The protest was not only formed by the voice of a group of students, but the voice of the majority of Hong Kong people. Living in Hong Kong for most of my life, it is so obvious that the city has changed so much. Not [for] the good.

Video clip from TOMO News


CNN crew gassed


As it happened: Hong Kong protests


Key Points

  • Thousands of protesters have taken over central areas of Hong Kong and are camped outside government offices – many schools and banks closed
  • Protesters are angry at changes to Hong Kong’s political system which will allow direct elections but only from a pool of candidates approved by Beijing
  • A student-led protest movement has joined forces with the larger Occupy Central after a week of demonstrations and class boycotts
  • On Sunday night police used tear gas and pepper spray on the crowds
  • The government says riot police have now withdrawn, and has ordered protesters to disperse peacefully as soon as possible
  • The Chinese Foreign Ministry has warned against any foreign interference over the protests. All times in BST
  1. 03:30:

    Welcome to the BBC’s live coverage of events in Hong Kong, where thousands of pro-democracy protesters are on the streets and have shut down a large part of the Central Business District.

  2. 03:31:

    The protesters are angry at changes to Hong Kong’s democratic processes – Beijing has promised Hong Kong would have direct elections by 2017, but has since ruled voters will only be able to choose from a list of pre-approved candidates. For more on this read our Q&A on Hong Kong’s democracy debate.

  3. 03:32:

    Nathan Road, normally heaving with traffic at this time, has been shut down along with others major roads in central Hong Kong.

    Nathan Road, Hong Kong (29 Sept 2014)
  4. 03:35:

    Thousands of protesters spent last night on the streets, ignoring demands from police that they disperse. Police fired tear gas on Sunday night and ordered crowds to stop charging police lines.

  5. 03:38:

    Hong Kong has been governed under a “one country, two systems” policy since it was handed back to China by the UK in 1997, which guarantees the territory liberties not seen on the Chinese mainland, including freedom of speech and the right to protest. The protesters say this is in danger.

  6. 03:41: Carrie Gracie BBC China editor

    “Today is the inevitable consequence of last month’s announcement from the Chinese parliament about restrictions on universal suffrage, but it is also a direct political challenge to Beijing – and therefore a defining test for China’s promise on one country, two systems.” Read more from Carrie on her blog: 10 things China’s leader Xi Jinping might be thinking

  7. 03:43:

    Standard Chartered and several other banks have suspended some operations in central Hong Kong amid the protests – counter staff have been advised to work from home or in other offices.

  8. 03:48:

    The umbrella has become the unofficial symbol of the protest movement, says the South China Morning Post, after students used the omnipresent accessory to shelter from tear gas and pepper spray. Supporters have begun referring to the protests as the “umbrella revolution”, says the paper.

    Protesters with umbrellas in Hong Kong (29 Sept 2014)
  9. 03:57:

    The protesters have demanded that Hong Kong’s leader, chief executive CY Leung, step down. In a statement on Monday, Occupy Central blamed his “non-response to the people’s demands” for the unrest, saying it had “driven Hong Kong into a crisis of disorder”. It went on to urge all officials “who have a conscience, to resign from their positions and to stand with the people”.

  10. 04:09:

    Solidarity protests have also formed in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. Taiwan split from China in 1949 and China has always maintained the right to reclaim the island, by force if necessary. These students outside the Hong Kong Economic, Trade and Cultural Office in Taipei held signs saying “Hong Kong Today, Taiwan Tomorrow”.

    Students outside Hong Kong Economic, Trade and Cultural Office in Taipei (29 Sept 2014)
  11. 04:11:

    Journalist Tessa Arcilla in Hong Kong tells the BBC she has seen protesters reprimanding police for their use of tear gas against unarmed youths. She says many people previously uninvolved in the demonstrations have joined in on Monday morning after seeing the footage on TV.

  12. 04:12:

    This is being seen as the last chance for Hong Kong people to stand up against Beijing, she adds, meaning the protests are all or nothing.

  13. 04:14:

    China is keeping a tight control on the mainland of coverage of the unrest. Overnight, Instagram appeared to have been blocked.

  14. 04:18:

    On Weibo, the biggest Chinese microblog, users have been sharing their frustrations. “I woke up this morning. Instagram was banned. I asked my friends. The same thing happened to them. Can China be more twisted? Why ban Instagram on top of Facebook and Twitter? This system makes me speechless,” said a user called ScavEn_Gers.


    HKFS (Hong Kong Federation of Students)

    tweets: HKFS standing committee, HKUSU president, ‘I’m willing to sacrifice my career as a lawyer for civil disobedience’ #OccupyHK #OccupyCentral

  16. 04:25:

    There are reports on Twitter that the government has ordered riot police to withdraw – no official confirmation yet.


    George Chen, Hong Kong

    tweets: BREAKING: Hong Kong Government has decided to withdraw riot police for #OccupyCentral, urging protestors to leave too

  18. 04:29:

    This woman was on Nathan Road on Monday morning holding a sign in support of the protests.

    Protester holds a sign on Nathan Road, Hong Kong (29 Sept 2014)

    George Chen, columnist for South China Morning Post,

    tweets: You fired massive tear gas at armless people and now you want to withdraw riot police amid int’l pressure – CY Leung, you owe HK an apology!


    Michael Yin, Hong Kong

    emails: I am utterly dismayed by the muted response from the FCO [UK’s Foreign & Commonwealth Office]. As a signatory to the Joint Declaration and the former colonial power responsible for handing Hong Kong back to Chinese rule, HMG has both the legal right and moral responsibility to speak up against this outrage. Make no mistake, if the West continues to remain silent we may well end up with a replay of Tiananmen Square on the streets of Hong Kong.

  21. 04:37:

    It’s worth remembering that not everyone in Hong Kong wants the full democracy demanded by the students and Occupy Central. Pro-Beijing groups say civil disobedience will damage the city’s reputation and economy, as well as its relationship with China. For more on this and how Hong Kong has ended up at this point, see our explainer on Hong Kong’s democracy debate.

  22. 04:42:

    Earlier one of the Occupy Central organisers, Chan Kin-man, said it was “very encouraging” that so many people had joined the protests. “Many people chanted slogans, ‘we want true democracy, we want true universal suffrage’. And this is exactly the objective of our movement, and we are very happy to see what happened today,” he told the Associated Press.

  23. 04:47:

    To give a sense of the scale of the protests, Mashable have posted this aerial video footage from Hong Kong, taken by local site Apple Daily using a drone camera flown over the crowds. It’s not immediately clear when the video was shot.


    Jessica Qu, San Francisco

    tweets: Thinking of the people in #HongKong. Absolutely heartbreaking. The government needs to step up and protect its people. #democracy


    Jeffrey Broer, Hong Kong

    tweets: #HK protestors aren’t trashing shops or burning cars. They had all the anger last night but looks like org has control #OccupyCentral

  26. 04:57:

    A statement, posted only in Chinese, on the Hong Kong government website, says riot police have been withdrawn, as “citizens have mostly calmed down”.

  27. 04:59: Carrie Gracie BBC China editor

    “None of this would be allowed elsewhere in China, and mainland media are required to carry the state news agency version of events rather than covering the demonstrations for themselves. The danger is that Beijing loses patience and orders a crackdown which would have catastrophic consequences for Hong Kong.”

  28. 05:02:

    The Hong Kong government statement calls on protesters to remain calm and disperse peacefully as soon as possible. It says main thoroughfares are severely congested and schools in the Wan Chai, Central and Western areas are closed.

  29. 05:09:

    The Hong Kong Federation of Students are appealing on Twitter for supplies for protesters in the Admiralty area: ice bags, eye goggles, first aid kits, rain coats, mobile phone chargers and the ever-present umbrellas. They are also calling for more people to join them.


    Michael Tsoi, Hong Kong

    emails: Heart-breaking. I couldn’t sleep all night long. I have a lot of friends working in the police force. It’s just like your friends attacking you.


    James Coates, Singapore

    emails: This is not about democracy at all. This is about who gets to choose the list of Beijing loyalist candidates that people in Hong Kong can vote for, Hong Kong or Beijing. I see this as an anti Beijing movement, not a pro democracy movement as billed by the media and protesters.

  32. 05:27:

    The US Consulate General in Hong Kong has issued a statement saying that while it does not support any particular groups, the US “strongly supports Hong Kong’s well-established traditions and Basic Law protections of internationally recognized fundamental freedoms, such as freedom of peaceful assembly, freedom of expression, and freedom of the press”.

  33. 05:28:

    The US statement continues: “Hong Kong’s stability and prosperity have long benefited from a vigorous dialogue among its citizens and a firmly established tradition of the peaceful and orderly expression of differing views. In accordance with this tradition, we encourage all sides to refrain from actions that would further escalate tensions, to exercise restraint, and to express views on the SAR’s [Special Administrative Region’s] political future in a peaceful manner.”

  34. 05:36:

    BBC Monitoring says newspapers in China are publishing few details of the Hong Kong protests, but have criticised them as “illegal”. An editorial in the China Daily accuses Occupy Central of “opportunistic adventure”, saying they have “in effect hijacked the will of the students who were there merely to voice their views about the proposed electoral reforms”.

  35. 05:55:

    For more on how newspapers in China are reacting to the Hong Kong unrest, read BBC Monitoring’s daily China media report.

  36. 06:01:

    If you’re just joining, welcome to our live coverage of events in Hong Kong. Thousands of people are on the streets, paralysing central areas. It is the culmination of a week of street protest against political reforms from Beijing which they say do not go far enough towards full democracy for the territory. For more on the background to the unrest, read our Q&A: Who are Hong Kong’s protesters?

  37. 06:05:

    In one indication of how China is viewing the protests, an editorial published in the pro-Beijing Global Times attributed to Wang Qiang, said to be deputy professor of China’s Armed Forces Political Academy, warned that: “Using armed forces in a country’s management to enforce law is a common practice nowadays.”

  38. 06:06:

    The article, which has since been taken down but had been widely shared, went on: “It’s obvious that in the case of emergency, the armed force can take orders from the central government to subdue riots, and restore social order in HKSAR [Hong Kong Special Administrative Region] according to the People’s Armed Forces Law.”


    Raymond Lam, London

    emails: Hong Kong was governed by Britain for nearly a century without democracy. All the governors were directly appointed by Britain without any consultation. The proposed election rules at least allow Hongkongers to have up to three candidates to choose from. No country in the world would not want to exercise control over the candidates governing one of its sensitive regions.

  40. 06:13:

    Here is another image from Taipei, where Taiwanese protesters are staging solidarity protests and demanding their government cut all economic ties with China over the use of force in Hong Kong.

    Protesters in Taipei, Taiwan (20 Sept 2014)
  41. 06:19:

    British journalist Tom Grundy, covering the events in Hong Kong, has put together a series of photos covering the last two days as the protests escalated. He tweets: “I compiled this in tears – appalled by what has happened to my adopted home and dismayed by the actions of the police & HK govt.”

  42. 06:22: Celia Hatton BBC News, Beijing

    “The central government has expressed its belief that the Hong Kong police will be able to handle the ‘illegal’ protests there. However, this hands-off policy must be creating great anxiety in the capital. If the protesters hold their ground, how far will Beijing allow events to spiral before getting directly involved?”

  43. 06:24: Celia Hatton BBC News, Beijing

    “The sight of Chinese troops confronting Hong Kong protestors, particularly students, would be a disaster for Beijing, leading to an international outcry. Beijing could revisit the dark days following its violent response to 1989’s pro-democracy protests in Tiananmen Square. So, for now, Chinese leaders face an unusual set of political constraints. The Communist Party is unwilling to cede political control to the people of Hong Kong by refusing to allow direct elections in 2017. As a result, the Party is putting its faith in the abilities of the Hong Kong police to deal with the fall-out from that decision.”


    Mr X, London

    emails: These people are not smart enough to think. The whole thing is driven by global anti-china sentiment. In a way anti-China seems like a “fashion” to many, especially to the young, even for the Chinese outside the Mainland.

  45. 06:37:

    Jason Y Ng spent most of Sunday night at Admiralty amid the protests. He writes in the South China Morning Post: “Tear gas might have been commonplace elsewhere in the world, but it isn’t in Hong Kong. Leung’s decision to deploy it, despite the political price he must pay, suggests that he has been given direct orders from Beijing to do whatever it takes to clear the streets before citizens return to work Monday morning. In so doing, however, he has irreversibly altered the relationship between people and government in Hong Kong. There is no turning back now – neither for him nor for us.”


    Robert Clark from Hong Kong

    tweets: Withdrawal of riot police sums up HK governance deficit. 18 months to prepare, & their strategy collapsed after 1 night. #OccupyCentral

  47. 06:45:

    The BBC’s chief business correspondent, Linda Yueh in Singapore, says the markets have reacted very little to unrest so far, and in fact markets are up in mainland China. Peaceful protests are generally seen as a sign of a stable democracy, she adds, but how China chooses to react could have a long-lasting impact on Hong Kong’s status as an international financial centre.

  48. 06:47:

    Samuel M Chu took this photo on Harcourt Road.

    writing on Harcourt Road, Hong KongHarcourt Road ‘Who is afraid of who?’

    Leo Weese in Hong Kong

    tweets: A plea to police, urging them to follow their conscience, not orders. Flyers seen all around Tamar.

    Flyer in Hong KongFlyers seen all around Tamar
  50. 07:07:

    The protests initially focused on the Central Business District on Hong Kong Island, but have spread to the shopping district of Causeway Bay in the east, and across the harbour to the busy, tourist-heavy area around Nathan Road in Kowloon. Roads are closed in many areas, and businesses have not opened. This bank in Nathan Road was shuttered on Monday morning.

    Bank on Nathan Road Hong Kong (29 Sept 2014)
  51. 07:09:

    Many people in Hong Kong have been changing their Facebook profile pictures to that of a yellow ribbon – or a yellow umbrella – in a sign of support to the protesters. Others have adopted a blue ribbon, to show support for the police.

  52. 07:12:

    Yellow ribbons have also started appearing on street signs and at entrances to underground stations in areas held by protesters.

  53. 07:16:

    Vox says the difficulty for foreign journalists of getting permits to work in China could backfire for Beijing. Many base themselves in Hong Kong instead, says the magazine, meaning the territory is “full of extremely talented foreign correspondents who have a history of reporting on the Chinese Communist Party and its abuses. And many of them have personal experience with the Party’s heavier-handed tactics”.


    Kris Cheng in Hong Kong

    tweets: Shops say they close their doors not because of peaceful students but police aggression like pepper spray & tear gas

  55. 07:24:

    The “Umbrella Revolution” is fast becoming the social media term for the Hong Kong protests, after protesters used umbrellas to shelter not only from Hong Kong’s 30C heat, but to protect themselves from tear gas and pepper spray. South China Morning Post has pulled together some of the images being shared online.


    Tom Grundy

    tweets: Protesters acting no differently to any other HK rally. Always peaceful, no violence, looting, arson. Only difference: no prior permission.

  57. 07:37:

    Nicola Cheung, an 18-year-old student taking part in protests in the Admiralty area, told Reuters “it’s going to get violent again because the Hong Kong government isn’t going to stand for us occupying this area. We are fighting for our core values of democracy and freedom, and that is not something violence can scare us away from”.


    Valeria Teh in Hong Kong

    tweets: #OccupyCentral still going strong in Admiralty. Suits mixing w/ students. Riot police on fringes.

    Number of students are gathering in AdmiraltySuits mixing with students in Connaught Road. Riot police on fringes

    Gemma Terry in Hong Kong

    tweets: Eerily quiet on the roads in Hong Kong due to #OccupyCentral . No cars on the roads due to blockades.


    Leanne M. in Hong Kong

    tweets: some friends said they specifically went to protest after police used tear gas/said they would go if police fired #OccupyCentral

  61. 07:56:

    Hong Kong media are reporting that the crowd of protesters in Mong Kok in Kowloon has now grown to several thousand. RTHK said protesters are chanting: “CY Leung, resign!”

  62. 08:13:

    Taiwan President Ma Ying-jeou has weighed in, saying: “We fully understand and support Hong Kong people in their call for full universal suffrage.”

  63. 08:13:

    He added: “We urge the mainland authorities to listen to the voice of Hong Kong people and use peaceful and cautious measures to handle these issues.”


    Kate Ringrose in Hong Kong
    Protestors sharing the foodProtestors are sharing food

    tweets: #OccupyCentral sharing food, kindness and peace, proud to be HK!

  65. 08:24:

    Reports are coming in that the crowd of protesters at the shopping district of Causeway Bay has swelled after lunchtime. The police have asked people not to obstruct the roads, but protesters have refused to disperse.


    Suhani Jain in Hong Kong
    Protestors sit in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong.Confused/delighted tourists in Causeway Bay

    tweets: Thousands of protesters in Causeway Bay! Confused/delighted tourists everywhere! #OccupyHK #hkstudentstrike

  67. 08:28:

    Supporters of the protests have amassed outside Hong Kong House in Sydney, putting up notes of support.

    Messages of support on Hong Kong House in Sydney, 29 September 2014.
  68. 08:29:

    Local media are reporting that the police will hold a press conference at 4pm local time to explain how they have been handling the demonstrations over the last three days.

  69. 08:35:

    The leader of the Catholic Church in Hong Kong, Cardinal John Tong Hon, has issued a statement calling on the city’s government to make “the personal safety of fellow citizens” their prime concern.


    Annie Ykwong in Hong Kong

    Emails: So far, other districts are still the same as normal days. My friends whose offices in Admiralty and Central went to work as usual this morning. They could walk on the roads which were supposed to be full of vehicles. They indicated that the only difference between today and the ordinary days was no car on the roads and the streets were quieter than usual. As long as there is no gun shot or military intervention, I don’t think HK people’s life will be deeply affected by the protests.

  71. 08:55: Linda Yueh Chief business correspondent

    “There may have been problems with inequality and sky-high real estate prices, but Hong Kong’s high degree of economic freedom is also a large contributor to its prosperity. So the reaction to the protesters will matter a great deal for Hong Kong if it is to retain its status as one of the top global financial centres where money flows freely across its borders and investors are comfortable investing billions into its stock market.” Read for from Linda on her blog.


    Wong Yee in Hong Kong

    Emails: I did not join the students yesterday. Watching TV at home, I cried telling myself it was not right for our university students to fight for us. As a teacher, I feel the urge to support them. I am on the way to express my anger towards the government which is not elected by us, who fired tear gas at students and people who have never been violent.

  73. 09:04:

    Protester Rick Chan, a 32-year-old finance worker, tells the Associated Press: “I came last night and saw police fire many rounds of tear gas at the crowd, who were mostly young students and even included some old people. I feel it was extremely unnecessary. They could see protesters were not dangerous. Instead they made everyone very angry. I plan to stay here indefinitely.”

  74. 09:13:

    In a sign of how global local protest movements can become in the 21st Century, some of the Hong Kong demonstrators have in recent days adopted the “hands up, don’t shoot” gesture used by protesters in Ferguson, Missouri after the fatal shooting by police of unarmed US teenager, Michael Brown.


    Amanda Wills

    tweets: that at the Ferguson protests on Sunday night, at least one person could be seen with a sign saying, in English and Chinese: “Stay strong #HongKong.”

  76. 09:19:

    Staff in Hong Kong’s government headquarters have been advised to leave work by 18:00 local time, (10:00 GMT), according to an email seen by Harbour Times.

  77. 09:32:

    Christina Chung, taking part in the protests, said she found the authorities’ attempts to justify the use of force “fundamentally frightening…. I bear no illusions for a democratic utopia. I just know that I don’t want to live under a government that does not act in the interest of its people… If we don’t fight now, our civil liberties will only erode even further. If a push towards true democracy means that our interests can be better represented, then I’m in that camp.”


    Kristine Kwok in Hong Kong

    tweets: Incredible scene outside of HK SAR government headquarters now #UmbrellaMovement #OccupyHongKong

    Protestors gather outside of HK SAR government Headquarters nowProtestors gather outside of HK SAR government Headquarters now
  79. 09:41:

    Helmets off but keeping watch, these police were listening to speeches during the rally near government HQ.

    Police near government HQ in Hong Kong (29 Sept 2014)
  80. 09:48:

    In a press conference in the past hour, Cheung Tak-keung (assistant commissioner of police for operations) said police had used the “bare minimum force” in circumstances where it had had no choice, and only after it issuing warnings to protesters to no effect.

  81. 09:59:

    Cheung Tak-keung said the protest became illegal when people broke into government offices and occupied roads, affecting transport and medical services. He said 41 people had been injured in the past three days, including police officers, and called on protesters to disperse.

  82. 10:02:

    Hong Kong’s firework display planned for 1 October has been called off, says a government press release. The event was to mark National Day, which celebrates the founding of the People’s Republic of China and would have been a huge tourist attraction.

  83. 10:03:

    “In view of the latest situation, it is anticipated that main access roads leading to hot spots for viewing the fireworks display may continue to be seriously affected. Having regard to public transport arrangements and public safety considerations, the National Day Fireworks Display originally scheduled at Victoria Harbour on October 1 (Wednesday) at 8pm will be cancelled” – government press release.

  84. 10:10:

    Raymond Li of the BBC’s Chinese service says Beijing is concerned about the idea of full democracy in Hong Kong for two reasons – firstly, because it fears the implications of a chief executive being elected who is against Beijing. But secondly, because if Hong Kong gains the right to directly elect its leaders it could encourage other parts of China to demand the same.

  85. 10:13:

    BBC Chinese have spoken to Chan Kin-man, one of the organisers of Occupy Central, who said that the two days of protest had temporarily achieved the purpose of disrupting and paralysing Hong Kong’s economy.

  86. 10:15:

    He also said that while the demonstration was part of the Occupy Central movement, the movement was not controlling it – it has instead become spontaneous action, he said.


    Martyn Allison in Hong Kong

    Emails: I’m a Brit now living with a young family in Hong Kong. I am so proud of the behaviour of all the young people calmly protesting so very peacefully and in good humour today. Since school was cancelled, I took my three-year-old daughter to witness history in the making this afternoon. After last night’s disgusting use of tear gas by an authority more scared than anyone, I was cautious at first but we ended up outside the Central Government Offices where the atmosphere is a wonderful example for the rest of the world.

  88. 10:22:

    Hong Kong’s police have said in their press conference that a total of 87 rounds of tear gas were fired during Sunday night’s protests.

  89. 10:27: Celia Hatton BBC News, Beijing

    “China is warning other countries to stay out of what it considers to be an internal affair…. China’s State Council, the top tier of the central government, also says it is ‘fully confident’ Hong Kong’s government can handle the Occupy Central movement using the territory’s own laws, in an attempt to alleviate fears that Chinese armed police will resort to violence to end the protests.”

  90. 10:30:

    Despite the repeated demands from officials, there is no sign that the crowds are ready to go home. This was the scene a short time ago outside government headquarters:

    Hong Kong protest (29 Sept 2014)

    Manikumar Pun from Kowloon, Hong Kong

    Emails: As a citizen of Hong Kong, I would like to support our protestors as Hong Kong must have a option to chose our own leadership. Especially when Hong Kong has been on its own without any help from mainland China for the last 110 years, why would we want China to dictate our freedom of movement?

  92. 10:42:

    The UK Foreign Office has updated its travel advice for Hong Kong, telling Britons to monitor local media for updates and avoid public demonstrations.


    Ken Lee from Hong Kong

    tweets: #HongKong National Day firework cancelled – Really due to unrest? Upcoming #Police bloodshed? Order from top? #China #OccupyCentral #OccupyHK


    Alice Tong from Hong Kong

    tweets: More people take to the streets from Admiralty to Wan Chai #OccupyCentral #OccupyHK #HKStudentStrike

    Protestors are going from Admiralty to Wan Chai DistrictProtestors are going from Admiralty to Wan Chai District
  95. 11:06:

    The UK Foreign Office has said it is “concerned about the situation in Hong Kong and is monitoring events carefully”. In a statement a spokesman said it was “Britain’s longstanding position, as a co-signatory of the Sino-British Joint Declaration, that Hong Kong’s prosperity and security are underpinned by its fundamental rights and freedoms, including the right to demonstrate. It is important for Hong Kong to preserve these rights and for Hong Kong people to exercise them within the law”.

  96. 11:06:

    The FCO statement continues: “These freedoms are best guaranteed by the transition to universal suffrage. We hope that the upcoming consultation period will produce arrangements which allow a meaningful advance for democracy in Hong Kong, and we encourage all parties to engage constructively in discussion to that end.”


    Rachel Marsh

    emails: “As a former resident of Hong Kong, I am following the unfolding events with fascination. I am so proud of this city for standing up for democracy and for not backing down in the determination to have the voices of its people heard.”

  98. 11:09:

    A number of professions have said they are backing the protests, or have walked out of work in solidarity. RTHK reports that 2,000 social workers began an indefinite strike on Monday, demanding an apology for police actions against the demonstrations and “protesting against Beijing’s restrictive political framework for Hong Kong”.

  99. 11:18:

    An image of protesters gathered in Causeway Bay, normally the scene of high-end shopping trips.

    Protest in Causeway Bay (29 Sept 2014)
  100. 11:16:

    Michael Schuman says Hong Kong’s economic success is “inexorably intertwined” with the civil liberties its citizens enjoy. “If Beijing knocks one of those pillars away ­if it suppresses people’s freedoms, or tampers with its judiciary, ­Hong Kong would become just another Chinese city, unable to fend off the challenge from Shanghai.”


    Carrie Gracie BBC China editor

    tweets: Long hot day on the streets of HK. Night falling. What does it hold? Beneath the headlines, everyone out there has a story.


    Carrie Gracie BBC China editor

    tweets: Biggest surprise so far today: sharp suited bankers tell me ‘there are things more important than money. Freedom for example.’


    Claire Holubowskyj from Hong Kong

    Emails: As a student and the daughter of a long-serving former Hong Kong police officer I think the current protests are the only conceivable way to achieve any form of democracy in Hong Kong. The hope is that this is a realistic chance to achieve a freedom that has been hundreds of years in the making as the fear is that Hong Kong becomes the second Tiananmen.

  104. 11:45:

    Hong Kong protester Collier Nogues sent in this image from Causeway Bay MTR. “The [small Chinese] sign in the middle of the photo – ‘Fight for democracy/ Sorry for the inconvenience’ – is characteristic of the feeling everywhere I went this afternoon. Generous, polite, genuine.”

    Causeway Bay MTR

    James Reynolds from the EarthUncutTV in Hong Kong

    Protestors outside police HQ in Wan Chai getting continuous re-supplies of food, water, wet towels, goggle etc #OccupyCentral #HongKong


    Joanne Hughes from Hong Kong

    Emails: There is no “transport chaos”. I went to Kowloon and then back to Hong Kong side with only minor delays which I consider a small price to pay for democracy. Transport officials were on hand to advise alternative routes and everyone was extremely patient and understanding. Some big businesses here gave employees the option to work from home or “elsewhere” which we took as going to support the protesters. My husband who works in the heart of Mong Kok could see the peaceful occupation of Argyle Street from his windows. Everyone I talked to is in solidarity with the protesters. Whatever the outcome, people feel that morally they have to do this.

  107. 12:20:

    China’s foreign affairs ministry spokesman Hua Chunying has warned other countries to stay out of Hong Kong’s protests: “I want to emphasise that Hong Kong belongs to China. It is a special administrative region and Hong Kong’s affairs are considered purely for China to handle. I hope other countries do not interfere in Hong Kong’s matters, do not support Occupy Central’s illegal activities, and do not send out the wrong message.”

  108. 12:22:

    So who is behind the unrest? We’ve published a guide to the main players in the current protests.

  109. 12:25:

    Night has fallen in Hong Kong, and a growing number of protesters continue to block the main street to the Central district.

    Protesters block the main street to the financial Central district, outside the government headquarters in Hong Kong, 29 September 2014.
  110. 12:30:

    More from the statement issued earlier by the leader of the Catholic Church in Hong Kong. Cardinal John Tong Hon also urged the government to exercise restraint and asked them to listen to the voices of “the younger generation and citizens of all walks of life”.


    DavChu from Hong Kong

    tweets: Confirmed: Staff in CGO will be evacuated before 1700 GMT +8. #OccupyCentral #hk926 #hkspring


    Isabel K Wong in Hong Kong
    A student holds a slogan in his handStudents say they are facing with difficulty sending information at Admiralty

    tweets: Cellular data network is very weak at Admiralty, we had difficulty sending information. #OccupyCentral

  113. 12:42:

    The chief secretary for administration, Carrie Lam, has told reporters that while she understood public concern over the police’s handling of the protests, she believes the police used an “appropriate” level of force and asked for Hong Kong residents’ understanding.

  114. 12:49:

    Alex Chow, the secretary-general of the Hong Kong Federation of Students, has called on protesters to “fight till the end” while at the same time refraining from violence. He told reporters that he hoped protesters would keep their distance from “provocateurs”.

  115. 12:54:

    Professor Michael Davis from the University of Hong Kong’s faculty of law said he hoped the administration could play an intermediary role to help Beijing understand the protesters’ concerns. But he told the BBC the Hong Kong government appeared to have “inflamed” the situation with its tactics.

  116. 13:10:

    The BBC’s Martin Patience in Hong Kong says as the evening draws in many of the protesters are saying they intend to remain in central areas overnight. But he said there is a “silent minority, if not majority” in Hong Kong who would like the protests to end, fearing the impact they could be having on the economy.

  117. 13:12:

    Occupy Central organiser Benny Tai has praised the achievements of the movement, noting protests have spread beyond the central district into other parts of the city. The South China Morning Post quoted him as saying: “People use peace and hope, while the government used tear gas and pepper spray.”

  118. 13:15:

    In anticipation of the police possibly using tear gas on protesters again, most who are camped outside the government headquarters have come equipped with face masks and umbrellas.

    Protesters block the main street to the financial Central district, outside the government headquarters in Hong Kong, 29 September 2014
  119. 13:20:

    Earlier in the day protesters began to stack umbrellas for use against possible tear gas by police.

    Stacks of umbrellas being readied by protesters to shield themselves from pepper spray
  120. 13:23:

    A Facebook page called Support HK Police has been set up to support the Hong Kong police as they manage the protests. More than 9,000 people have liked the page, which shows pictures of damaged police vehicles.


    Timothy Choi from Hong Kong

    tweets: TV reporters and foreign visitors occupy MTR exit roof to take pictures of protest #hk926 #UmbrellaRevolution

    TV camera crews and tourists taking picturesTV reporters and visitors taking pictures of the protest
  122. 13:28:

    Multiple rallies around the world have been planned in support of the Hong Kong protests, according to a Facebook page called United for Democracy: Global Solidarity with Hong Kong. Gatherings are being organised for cities in Australia, the US, Europe and other parts of Asia. In the UK, rallies will be held in London, Manchester, and Edinburgh.


    Louie Leung from Hong Kong

    emails: If this is really about democracy all parties should let the majority of the population here who want life as usual a say. Do we really have a democracy problem here? What is the context of democracy in a city that belongs to a state, but not a state itself?


    Kenneth Leung in Hong Kong

    tweets: My parents are like most HK elders, condemning protests. I’m on the side of the demonstrators. If no one stands, who will? #OccupyCentral


    Clara Me from Shatin, Hong Kong

    Emails: The Hong Kong officials is in a tight spot right now, they can’t come to an agreement with the protesters since that would mean opposing China’s decisions regarding the elections. The protests were started by the students which eventually escalated now, there are several groups of people mixed in. The originators who want CY Leung to step down, students who are protesting the elections and people who want to show their support and protect the students. There are also people gathered around the protesters to express their opposition to the Occupy Central idea. What’s interesting is that the originators or the Occupy Central idea have practically disappeared from the “front lines” since the movement has started.

  126. 13:35:

    Chinese authorities have been censoring social media posts about the Hong Kong protests, while rallies are being organised all around the world. Read more: China censors HK protest posts online


    13:38: Tesa Arcilla, freelance foreign correspondent in Hong Kong
    Crowds of protestors lit the light of the phonesCrowds of protestors lit the light of the phones, chanting “CY Leung, step down!”

    tweets: Phones in the air, chanting “CY Leung, step down!” #OccupyCentral #hk929

  128. 13:40:

    A protester at Mong Kok has told BBC Chinese there is a good camaraderie. Some have donated drinking water and food – although there were few takers as people wanted to leave it for those they felt would need them most. According to estimates by Hong Kong media, up to 10,000 people have gathered there.

  129. 13:42:

    Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying warns against any foreign interference. “Hong Kong affairs are completely China’s internal affairs,” she is quoted as saying by the South China Morning Post.

  130. 13:48:

    The demonstrators are said to be looking for new ways to communicate amid reports the authorities might shut down the city’s cellular networks. BBC Trending takes a look at the social network that doesn’t need the internet, or a cellular network, to function.

  131. 13:51:

    Chinese artist and social activist, Ai Weiwei, describes the current protests in Hong Kong as “a very fragile moment”. “The young people are concerned about their own future,” he tells CNN.


    Linda Yiu in Hong Kong

    Emails: The organiser of “Occupy Central” Tai Yiu-ting emphasizes Occupy Central with peace and love. But during this period, I cannot see any peace and love, the protesters just shouted at the policemen, occupy the main roads and keep complaining the government. Although policemen used tear gas, they are just trying to make this illegal events disappear. Lots of my friends agree with the movement, but I disagree. We are just secondary students, how can we understand the electoral reform clearly? Can’t they stay calm and have a normal living while express their so-called democracy?


    Cindy He from China

    Emails: I’m here in Hong Kong. I’m from mainland China. I feel so sad because of what happened in Hong Kong and I think they deserve the right to vote and express themselves. I think it’s time for China to change, there couldn’t be more tragedies and I don’t want to go back to 1989.


    Thomas Di Fonzo from the Wall Street Journal in Hong Kong
    Protesters settle in for the night outside Admiralty station cooking barbecue.Protesters settle in for the night outside Admiralty station with a BBQ and cold beers.

    tweets: Protesters settle in for the night outside admiralty station with a BBQ and cold beers. #OccupyCentral


    Dav Chu in Hong Kong

    tweets: Street light in Admiralty shuts down for a while. Please be aware and provide light source to media and camera at all time. #OccupyCentral


    Juls from London

    emails: : I just want to thank you all the Hong Kongers, expats or local, to confirm to the world that the protesters are fighting for democracy in a peaceful and courteous manner. My friends and teachers have been there and witnessed the truth. The police attacked when the protesters were unarmed and had not made any violent actions. The world has witnessed this. I feel hopeless being so far away. I fully support the protesters. We must fight for our future. It’s our Hong Kong, it’s our job to govern our home.


    Ngawang from Australia

    Emails: Chinese government should listen to the voice of Hong Kong people. Well done younger generation of Hong Kong people.

  138. 14:16:

    Student protester Lydia Leung tells the BBC: “I don’t think people (demonstrators) will compromise easily. I will stay until the government responds to us.”


    Danny Sierra in Hong Kong
    Protesters are standing around Hong Kong Police HeadquartersProtesters are peacefully standing around Hong Kong Police Headquarters

    tweets: Protesters peacefully standing around HK Police Headquarters. #OccupyCentral #hKUDOS #jmsc

  140. 14:26:

    The South China Morning Post is reporting that a number of stores decided to close early, among them Sogo in Causeway Bay and retailers in the Pacific Place shopping centre.


    @lefeuilly in Hong Kong

    tweets: 9:27 – Education Bureau announces that all schools in Wan Chai, Central and Admiralty will close tomorrow #HongKongProtests #OccupyCentral

  142. 14:34:

    According to Reuters, the protests have led to visitors to Hong Kong from mainland China falling sharply ahead of this week’s National Day holidays. As well as the UK, travel alerts have been issued by the US, Australia and Singapore. Meanwhile, city authorities have cancelled Wednesday’s fireworks display over the harbour to mark the holiday.

  143. 14:36:

    A rally in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, has taken place in support of the protests.

    Protest in Malaysia
  144. 14:41:

    An embarrassing slip of the tongue by Hong Kong’s chief secretary Carrie Lam, when she tells a press briefing that police used “appropriate violence” when dealing with protesters on Sunday, South China Morning Post website reports. Her spokesman issued a statement an hour later to clarify that Ms Lam meant to say “appropriate force” when describing the use of batons and tear gas. (BBC Monitoring)


    Bigwill from the UK

    emails: I hope China and Hong Kong government remember this is not 1989. Internet now is available everywhere and lots of people have smartphones taking video. History will be recorded as it is, for generations to view and judge.

  146. 14:49:

    Asian stock markets closed on Monday mostly lower as investors fretted over the protests in Hong Kong, where the main Hang Seng index fell 1.9%, Associated Press reports. The protests also appeared to have an impact on the Dow Jones in the US, which dropped nearly 1% on its opening, while Europe was trading lower. Investors are said to be watching the continued unrest for any potential impact on Chinese growth.

  147. 14:52:

    Protesters have been denied permission to hold an official rally in central Hong Kong on Wednesday, a police source tells the South China Morning Post website. “We have reason to believe that the event would turn into an illegal activity”, they are quoted as saying. (BBC monitoring)


    Prominent Chinese dissident Hu Jia tweets: “In short two days, the #umbrella revolution launched by the Hong Kong residents has shaken the world.” Last week, he wrote that “Chinese people should stand up, support Hong Kong’s universal suffrage”.


    Angel Cheung from Hong Kong
    Donations by protestors for Occupy Central protestorsSupplies donated by protestors in Hong Kong

    tweets: Supplies donated by protestors. Everyone helping each other #OccupyCentral #hongkong #policeviolence #democracy

  150. 15:12:

    The BBC’s Hong Kong correspondent Juliana Liu says thousands of protesters appear to be settling in for the night. But the atmosphere is far less tense than Sunday, she adds, coming on the back of the announcement that riot police would be withdrawn from the streets.


    Sam Ho in Hong Kong

    Emails: The atmosphere in CWB and Mong Kok is now very weird. The streetlights around Tim Mei Avenue, once turned off for around half an hour… back in operation, the purpose is still not known. At the same time, the major local live broadcasts including Apple Daily suddenly went down for no reason an hour ago. Some channels are currently replaying recorded videos, spreading fears across the internet.


    @thewanderlister, a blogger from Hong Kong
    Protesters in Causeway Bay pick up trash and recyclablesThe police were not seen yet in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong

    tweets: No police in sight. Protesters seen here picking up trash and recyclables. This is #occupyhk Right now in CWB.


    Ng Oi Man in Hong Kong

    tweets: No action, no response. Very quiet! Govt wants the voice to die down? What should be the next move? 😦 #OccupyCentral

  154. 15:34:

    The protesters in the Mong Kok district of Kowloon also appear to intend to stay for the night.

    Protesters in Mong Kok
    Protester in Mong Kok

    Cyrus Chiu in North Point, Hong Kong

    Emails: I am one of the silent majority who would not take part in the riot because Beijing has already made one major concession by allowing the people to vote in choosing our next chief executive. You may argue that only two or three nominees are allowed for us to choose, thus virtually barring any chance for a pro-democracy candidate to be considered. Yet every citizen does have one vote, and this right to choose our own leader is unprecedented throughout the 200-year history of Hong Kong.


    Terry in London

    Emails: My brother lives in Hong Kong and has just walked through the crowds of protesters in Central. He confirms that it is a peaceful protest with people cleaning up after themselves. My cousin is currently out with the protesters; last night the was handing out food to the student protesters. He is afraid of what the future holds for him and for the Hong Kongers should China get their way. He seems hopeful that the government will answer their calls, but his patience is running out.


    Jonathan Hui

    emailed us this picture of him offering bottles of water to police officers during a protest. The photograph was taken earlier today.

    A protester tried to give bottles of water to police officers

    T.Y.Chiu, a student from Hong Kong

    Emails: I am not sure whether words can describe my how I feel in these two days. My parents are Hong Kong police… I understand their thinking: Students are controlled and brainwashed by other parties… the Hong Kong government is not good but better than the Chinese government, occupying Central would lead to a severe effect on Hong Kong’s economy and social disrupt[ion]… Whenever I tried to explain, they would say I am too young to understand these things… The protest was not only formed by the voice of a group of students, but the voice of the majority of Hong Kong people. Living in Hong Kong for most of my life, it is so obvious that the city has changed so much. Not [for] the good.


    British journalist in Hong Kong Tom Grundy

    tweets: I don’t want the Chinese gov’t to control everything. I want a normal life” – Aeolus Wong, 27-yr old singer. pic.twitter.com/ndCgXiqzIz


    Emily Ting, a student from Hong Kong in London

    emails: Seeing my friends and peers on the frontline and in the streets has made me feel helpless, angry, and in pain. Yet I am also very proud of the peaceful way the students are protesting. There was no looting or violence but instead stories of love and care shown by all the protestors for each other, for the injured, and for our city. It is local residents’ sense of civic responsibility that makes their wish to choose their own leader all the more reasonable and just. I also condemn the use of tear gas by a very scared authority on thousands who are not using weapons and peaceful.


    British Deputy PM Nick Clegg

    tweets: Universal suffrage must mean real choice for the people of Hong Kong and a proper stake in the 2017 election

  162. Charles Scanlon BBC News

    says China’s state media is tightly constrained, describing the demonstrators as radical activists engaged in an illegal campaign that will damage Hong Kong. The Global Times newspaper says the opposition movement is doomed. It says comparisons with Tiananmen Square are absurd and that China has learned many lessons about how to handle social disorder since then.


    K Chung, London

    emails: I remember Grandpa and I watched the live coverage of Tiananmen Square protest in Hong Kong when I was only eight years old. He keeps saying how fortunate he was when he was given the opportunity to leave Beijing and emigrate to Hong Kong. It is like deja vu after 25 years.

  164. 16:50:

    BBC Monitoring has not observed any coverage of the Hong Kong protests on China’s CCTV 13 on Monday. State-owned CCTV 13 is the country’s main Chinese-language rolling news channel.

  165. 16:58:

    People around the world have been expressing solidarity with Hong Kong protesters by sharing photos of yellow ribbons, the symbol of the ongoing demonstrations.

    An activist stands near a fence with yellow ribbons in Hong Kong
  166. 17:12:

    Protester Jessica Yeung tells the BBC there are “all kinds of people” demonstrating on the streets. “Some are in their 90s; and also very young ones,” she says, adding that the success of the action will depend on “how long we can hang on, how we can turn this into a long-term fight”.

  167. 17:20:

    Protesters remain outside the government headquarters, in the central financial district.

    Protesters block the main street to the financial Central district, outside the government headquarters on 29 September

    And are staging a sit-down protest in the road in a shopping district.

    Sit down protest

    WYC, a medical student in Hong Kong

    emails: Lots of my peers have joined the protests either directly or in a support capacity with first aid stations, and the word is that so far it’s been a lot more peaceful than the night before. I’ve joined the class boycott and am with the people in spirit. This is too big an issue to just stand aside and observe, especially as it involves the city I grew up in and love as well as the jeopardising of one of the values my other nation holds so dear – freedom and liberty.

  169. 17:25:

    A website called Free Weibo has been collecting censored posts from the Chinese social media site, the Wall Street Journal reports. One user wrote: “Wishing the Hong Kong Occupy Central people well, and hoping that the Hong Kong media can honour their pledge of being Hong Kong’s conscience.”


    Daisy Ngan in Hong Kong

    emails: I never thought of standing on the street and supporting the protest. Not until I saw the police using the tear gas to attack our peaceful protesters! Please support our umbrella movement!


    Cherry Ng, student, Hong Kong

    emails: I am part of the Admiralty crowd today. The atmosphere is relatively more relaxed – many people chanting, singing songs, even serving barbecue food. People were peaceful, organised and polite to each other. No riots or conflicts seen. That’s why the lack of police worries me – it’s as if the police force is waiting and building up to a large-scale strike when the protestors are off their guards.

  172. 17:32:

    Despite the crowds around the war memorial in Hong Kong, not one person is standing or sitting on the grass, writes the South China Morning Post website reports. It says there’s a new cardboard sign over the usual sign telling people not to go on the grass.


    Elliot Luckly, Hong Kong
    Protestors in central Hong Kong

    emails: I work in Central, and decided to walk home to Happy Valley, through Central, Admiralty, Wan Chai and Causeway Bay districts where the protests have forced all the major roads to close. What struck me the most was an eerie silence – Hong Kong without traffic is unheard of! Peaceful and meaningful protesters – handing out water and bananas to keep energy levels up. Very little police presence.

  174. 17:40:

    The US government says it is closely watching the situation in Hong Kong, urging the authorities to show restraint and protesters to be peaceful, Reuters reports.

  175. 17:57:

    As the protests enter their fourth night, White House spokesman Josh Earnest said the US supports the “aspirations of the Hong Kong people”. He added: “We believe that the basic legitimacy of the chief executive in Hong Kong will be greatly enhanced if the basic law’s ultimate aim of selection of the chief executive by universal suffrage is fulfilled.”

  176. 18:00:
    Protesters in Hong Kong

    This brings to an end our live coverage of mass pro-democracy protests in Hong Kong. Thanks for staying with us. You can follow all the latest developments on this and other stories on the BBC News website.

Một bình luận về “Hong Kong Protests”

  1. Hong Kong protests: Student leaders postpone talks


    The situation in parts of Hong Kong is very tense, as Martin Patience reports

    Leaders of a pro-democracy student group in Hong Kong have postponed talks with the government after demonstrators were involved in scuffles with opponents.

    The group said the government was failing to protect protesters.

    Their supporters are angry at plans by China to vet election candidates and have been occupying parts of the city.

    Hong Kong’s leader offered talks to defuse the situation after the protesters called for his resignation.

    But scuffles broke out on Thursday as people apparently angry with the disruption caused by the protests tried to dismantle tents and barricades.

    ‘Broken promise’

    The Hong Kong Federation of Students, which was invited to negotiations with the government on Wednesday, said in a statement it had “shelved” the talks. A time and place for the negotiations had never been confirmed.

    “The government allowed the mafia to attack peaceful Occupy participants. It has cut off the path to a dialogue, and should be responsible for the consequences,” it said.

    Scene of clashes in Mong Kok - 3 OctoberOpponents of the protest surrounded an activists’ tent in Mong Kok

    “The government has not kept its promise. We have no choice but to shelve the talks.”

    It was not clear whether the statement reflected the position of other groups involved in the protest.

    Occupy Central leader Benny Tai told the BBC they were still only considering a boycott of the talks. However, he said police were not protecting the demonstrators against attacks by their opponents and this situation could not continue.

    “At this point it’s very, very difficult to maintain any sense of dialogue if the government does not stop these things happening to peaceful protesters,” he said.

    There was no immediate response from the government to the postponement.

    ‘Just a game’

    In the commercial district of Mong Kok, on the Kowloon peninsula, opponents of the demonstrators had tried to dismantle tents.

    Police linked arms to try to separate the opposing groups.

    Democratic Party founding chairman, Martin Lee: “We have the right to vote and the right to stand for elections”

    Later, more pro-democracy activists flooded the area and now vastly outnumber their opponents, says the BBC’s Martin Patience in Mong Kok.

    They began chanting: “Go back to the mainland.” Many activists suspect that these people are coordinated by the Hong Kong or Chinese governments.

    But their very presence there is a reminder that not everyone in Hong Kong is on the side of the protesters, our correspondent says.

    At least some of the protesters’ opponents appear to be local residents angered by the disruption.

    “I don’t support Occupy Central. We have to work and make money. Occupy is just a game,” said a construction worker who gave his name as Mr Lee, quoted by AFP news agency.

    “Give us Mong Kok back, we Hong Kongers need to eat!” another said.

    Government supporters shout at pro-democracy activists in Mong Kok - 3 OctoberSome complained that they were fed up with the disruption to their lives
    Pro-democracy demonstrators try to stop a barricade being removed at Causeway Bay - 3 OctoberIn Causeway Bay, these activists tried to prevent opponents removing their barricade

    Similar scuffles took place in Causeway Bay on Hong Kong Island, where residents tried to remove barricades put up by pro-democracy protesters.

    At the time, the three main protest groups issued a statement blaming the authorities for the violence.

    “If the government does not immediately prevent the organised attacks on supporters of the Occupy movement, the students will call off dialogue on political reform with the government,” it said.

    ‘Doomed to fail’

    Government offices in the main protest-hit area have been closed, with the authorities urging staff to work from home because roads were blocked.

    At the heart of the row is how Hong Kong elects its next leader. In August, Beijing imposed tight rules on nominations for candidates wanting to stand for election.

    The protesters say this move means that the polls will fall short of the free elections they are seeking.

    Several days into their week-long demonstrations, the protesters added the demand that Chief Executive CY Leung step down.

    Mr Leung refused late on Thursday but offered talks with his deputy, which the activists accepted.

    The central government in Beijing has thrown its full support behind Mr Leung, calling the protests illegal and “doomed to fail”.

    Grey line

    Hong Kong democracy timeline

    • 1997: UK gives Hong Kong back to China under a 1984 agreement giving it “a high degree of autonomy” for 50 years
    • 2004: China says it must approve any changes to Hong Kong’s election laws
    • June-July 2014: Pro-democracy activists hold an unofficial referendum on political reform; both sides hold large rallies
    • 31 August 2014: China says it will allow direct elections in 2017 but will pre-approve candidates
    • 22 September 2014: Student groups launch a week-long boycott of classes
    • 28 September 2014: Occupy Central and student protests join forces and take over central Hong Kong
    • 2017: Direct elections for chief executive due to take place
    • 2047: Expiry of current agreements


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