Danh mục lưu trữ: Thông Tin

The Role of the International Criminal Court

The ICC was created to bring justice to the world’s worst war criminals, but debate over the court still rages.

Judges are pictured in the courtroom during the trial of Bosco Ntaganda.
Judges are pictured in the courtroom during the trial of Bosco Ntaganda. Bas Czerwinski/Reuters


Claire Klobucista, CFR


Last updated March 28, 2022 2:00 pm (EST)


  • The ICC seeks to investigate and prosecute those responsible for grave offenses such as genocide and war crimes.
  • Dozens of countries are not ICC members, including China, India, Russia, and the United States.
  • The court has angered nonmembers by launching probes into possible war crimes in Afghanistan, the Palestinian territories, and Ukraine.


Đọc tiếp The Role of the International Criminal Court

Lương hưu chưa đảm bảo mức sống tối thiểu cho người về hưu

QUẾ CHI – MINH HƯƠNG  –  Thứ hai, 25/04/2022 10:48 (GMT+7)

>> Xem thêm: Công tác 37 năm, lương hưu 1,3 triệu đồng /tháng, nhà giáo sống thế nào?


Với mức lương hưu từ 2-4,5 triệu đồng mỗi tháng, nhiều người ngoài 60 tuổi vẫn phải làm thêm các công việc khác để có thêm thu nhập. Họ mong lương hưu được hưởng ít nhất bằng mức lương tối thiểu.

Lương hưu chưa đảm bảo mức sống tối thiểu cho người về hưu
Lương hưu của nhiều người lao động thấp so với mặt bằng chung khiến họ không thể đảm bảo cuộc sống. Ảnh: Nguyễn NAM

Lương hưu thấp so với mặt bằng chung

Ông Lê Viết Hưởng, 61 tuổi, trú tại xã Vũ Vinh, huyện Vũ Thư, tỉnh Thái Bình hiện đang được hưởng mức lương hưu 2,3 triệu đồng/tháng. Mức lương này đang thấp hơn mức lương tối thiểu vùng đang áp dụng trên địa bàn huyện Vũ Thư (mức 3.070.000 đồng/tháng). Với số tiền hưu nhận được, ông Hưởng sống khá chật vật, nhất là khi tuổi già, sức khoẻ suy giảm.

Đọc tiếp Lương hưu chưa đảm bảo mức sống tối thiểu cho người về hưu

5 năm, toàn quốc xảy ra hơn 17.000 vụ cháy, 45% do sự cố thiết bị điện

VƯƠNG TRẦN  –  Thứ hai, 12/09/2022 12:16 (GMT+7)

5 năm qua, toàn quốc xảy ra 17.055 vụ cháy làm chết 433 người, bị thương 790 người, thiệt hại tài sản ước tính trên 7 nghìn tỉ đồng và trên 7.500 ha rừng. Nguyên nhân chủ yếu là do sự cố về hệ thống, sự cố về thiết bị điện, chiếm khoảng 45%.

Hơn 17.000 vụ cháy, 433 người thiệt mạng

Tại Hội nghị về công tác phòng cháy, chữa cháy và sơ kết 5 năm thực hiện Nghị định 83/2017/NĐ-CP quy định công tác cứu nạn, cứu hộ của lực lượng phòng cháy, chữa cháy diễn ra sáng nay (12.9), Thiếu tướng Nguyễn Văn Long – Thứ trưởng Bộ Công an đã có báo cáo đánh giá về công tác này trong 5 năm qua.

Thiếu tướng Nguyễn Văn Long, Thứ trưởng Bộ Công an báo cáo đánh giá công tác phòng cháy, chữa cháy. Ảnh: Nhật Bắc
Thiếu tướng Nguyễn Văn Long, Thứ trưởng Bộ Công an báo cáo đánh giá công tác phòng cháy, chữa cháy. Ảnh: Nhật Bắc 

Đọc tiếp 5 năm, toàn quốc xảy ra hơn 17.000 vụ cháy, 45% do sự cố thiết bị điện

CPI 2021 for Asia Pacific: Grand corruption and lack of freedoms holding back progress

Protest against the weakening of Indonesia’s anti-corruption agency. (Image: Kevin Herbian/Shutterstock.com)

transparency – 25 January 2022

While countries in Asia Pacific have made great strides in controlling bribery for public services, an average score of 45 out of 100 on the 2021 Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) shows much more needs to be done to solve the region’s corruption problems.

Some higher-scoring countries are even experiencing a decline as governments fail to address grand corruption, uphold rights and consult citizens.

The top performers in Asia Pacific are New Zealand (CPI score: 88), Singapore (85) and Hong Kong (76). However, most countries sit firmly below the global average of 43. This includes three countries with some of the lowest scores in the world: Cambodia (23), Afghanistan (16) and North Korea (16).

Among those with weak scores are some of the world’s most populous countries, such as China (45) and India (40), and other large economies such as Indonesia (38), Pakistan (28) and Bangladesh (26). A concerning trend across some of these nations is a weakening of anti-corruption institutions or, in some cases, absence of an agency to coordinate action against corruption.

Đọc tiếp CPI 2021 for Asia Pacific: Grand corruption and lack of freedoms holding back progress

Vietnamese labor productivity among lowest in Asia despite growth: report

VNE – By Dat Nguyen   May 10, 2018 | 02:00 pm GMT+7

Vietnamese labor productivity among lowest in Asia despite growth: report

Laborers work at a garment factory in Bac Giang province, near Hanoi, Vietnam. Photo by ReutersProductivity is rising, but not as fast as wages, creating the risk of an economic imbalance.

Vietnam’s labor productivity last year was among the lowest in Asia despite showing growth, according to a report published on Tuesday.

Average productivity in Vietnam increased by 36 percent from VND38.64 million per worker in 2006 to VND60.73 million ($1,660 to $2,600) in 2017, according to the Vietnam Annual Economic Report 2018.

However, the level is still below Japan, South Korea, China, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines, Indonesia and Cambodia, according to researchers from the Vietnam Institute for Economic and Policy.

Đọc tiếp Vietnamese labor productivity among lowest in Asia despite growth: report

Fernandez: Cuba is not ready to ‘sacrifice’ socialism

Fernandez: Cuba is not ready to ‘sacrifice’ socialism

Al Jazeera English – 28-5-2022

Leaders of the Americas prepare to gather in Los Angeles on June 6 for their ninth regional summit. But Washington has announced Cuba will be excluded, arguing the Caribbean nation does not meet the required democratic standards.

United States-Cuban relations have been hostile ever since Fidel Castro’s 1959 revolution. In 2016, President Obama visited the island, calling the occasion an “historic opportunity” to leave the Cold War behind.

But under President Trump, all opportunities were lost. And now, under President Biden, relations remain tense.

So, what is next for the two countries? Cuba’s deputy foreign minister, Carlos Fernandez de Cossio, talks to Al Jazeera.

Chipping away at China

Matt Haldan, SCMP, Global Impact 20 August 2022
The chip war between Washington and Beijing has never felt so real as it has in the past few months, which has seen a deluge of news related to the semiconductor industry as the United States seeks to reshore fabrication and China vies for technological self-sufficiency. 

Not since the early days of the chip shortage in 2020 has there been so much related news, although that now feels like a teaser for what was to come.

The biggest news for the US this month was President Joe Biden signing the Chips and Science Act. The new law will pump US$53 billion into the domestic chip industry, incentivising companies to build and expand fabrication capacity in the country. Đọc tiếp Chipping away at China

Vietnam has major data leak problem, citizens suffer

VNE – By Luu Quy   August 19, 2022 | 09:00 pm GMT+7

Vietnam has major data leak problem, citizens suffer

An incoming call with an unknown caller from outside of Vietnam. Photo by VnExpress/Luu QuyMinh Huy, a university student in Ho Chi Minh City, said he and his family have been terrorized by phone calls demanding repayment of loans he never took.

Someone has been calling Huy repeatedly over the past month, saying he owed money with high interest that will balloon to tens of millions of dong (VND10 million= $427.26) if it is not paid back quickly. When he denied ever using the service, the caller brought out a screenshot of an apparent contract with accurate personal information like ID card numbers, phone numbers and email addresses, even relevant information on Huy’s family members.

“This is information I’ve shared with multiple services online when I signed up for various accounts, but I have never submitted them to any credit service,” Huy said.

Đọc tiếp Vietnam has major data leak problem, citizens suffer

Cyber slavery: inside Cambodia’s online scam gangs

Illicit industry traffics thousands of victims from China through Southeast Asia

“The videos provide a window into the dark world run by transnational criminal networks able to smuggle people from China, through Vietnam and into Cambodia and Myanmar”

SHAUN TURTON, Contributing WriterSEPTEMBER 1, 2021 06:00 JST

PHNOM PENH — The first punch lands on the left side of the young man’s face, the second on the right.

Several more follow. Knees strike his stomach. He cannot defend himself, his hands are cuffed. His attacker, face outside the frame, has his fist wrapped in cloth.

He drags his victim by the lapels into the middle of the frame, faces him to the camera and tells him to speak.

Đọc tiếp Cyber slavery: inside Cambodia’s online scam gangs

Có nên săn nhân tài như thế?

TS. Nguyễn Minh Hòa –

31/07/2022 08:52

(KTSG) – Trước thông tin TPHCM thu hút nhân tài: 19 người vào làm việc, 14 người ra đi, ba năm qua không tuyển thêm được người nào, thực sự tôi không lấy làm lạ vì bản thân đã từng tham gia vào công việc này. Tôi bàn về nó với tư cách là người trong cuộc và kể những câu chuyện rời rạc để mọi người xâu chuỗi lại và tự rút ra kết luận thì tốt hơn.

Trọng dụng người tài của đất nước là con đường bền vững và đi xa nhất. Trong ảnh: Sinh viên chụp hình kỷ yếu tốt nghiệp đại học. Ảnh: THÀNH HOA

Đọc tiếp Có nên săn nhân tài như thế?

10 năm phòng chống tham nhũng: 37 cán bộ diện trung ương quản lý bị xử lý hình sự là ai?

31/07/2022 12:56 GMT+7

TTO – Báo cáo tổng kết 10 năm công tác phòng, chống tham nhũng, tiêu cực của Bộ Chính trị (2012 – 2022) nêu rõ đã có 37 cán bộ thuộc diện trung ương quản lý đã bị xử lý hình sự, trong đó từ đầu nhiệm kỳ XIII đến nay là 21 cán bộ.

10 năm phòng chống tham nhũng: 37 cán bộ diện trung ương quản lý bị xử lý hình sự là ai? - Ảnh 1.

Từ trái qua, trên xuống: các ông Đinh La Thăng, Nguyễn Bắc Son, Trương Minh Tuấn, Trần Văn Minh, Vũ Huy Hoàng, Nguyễn Văn Hiến, Nguyễn Đức Chung, Tất Thành Cang đã bị xử lý hình sự – Ảnh ghép: LÊ HIỆP

Thay mặt Bộ Chính trị, Thường trực Ban Bí thư Võ Văn Thưởng vừa ký báo cáo tổng kết 10 năm công tác phòng, chống tham nhũng, tiêu cực giai đoạn 2012 – 2022, nhiệm vụ giải pháp thời gian tới.

Đọc tiếp 10 năm phòng chống tham nhũng: 37 cán bộ diện trung ương quản lý bị xử lý hình sự là ai?

Forever young, beautiful and scandal-free: The rise of South Korea’s virtual influencers

Updated 31st July 2022

An image of Rozy, a virtual human created by South Korean company Sidus Studio X.

Credit: Sidus Studio X

[TĐH: Nhiều companies chế tạo nhiều “người số” (digital human) để làm “influencers” (người có ảnh hưởng) trên Internet, nói đủ thứ chuyện hấp dẫn người xem, để tạo lợi nhuận cho công ty. Các bạn đừng thấy clip của cô cậu nào xinh đẹp, ăn nói cực kì lưu loát, và nói toàn những điều hấp dẫn mà tin đó là người thật, chuyện thật. Be smart!]

Written byJessie YeungGawon Bae, CNNSeoul, South Korea

She’s got more than 130,000 followers on Instagram, where she posts photos of her globetrotting adventures. Her makeup is always impeccable, her clothes look straight off the runway. She sings, dances and models — and none of it is real.

Rozy is a South Korean “virtual influencer,” a digitally rendered human so realistic she is often mistaken for flesh and blood.

“Are you a real person?” one of her Instagram fans asks. “Are you an AI? Or a robot?”

According to the Seoul-based company that created her, Rozy is a blend of all three who straddles the real and virtual worlds.

She is “able to do everything that humans cannot … in the most human-like form,” Sidus Studio X says on its website.

That includes raking in profits for the company in the multibillion-dollar advertising and entertainment worlds.

Since her launch in 2020, Rozy has landed brand deals and sponsorships, strutted the runway in virtual fashion shows and even released two singles.

China cosmetic surgery apps: Swipe to buy a new face

And she’s not alone.

The “virtual human” industry is booming, and with it a whole new economy in which the influencers of the future are never-aging, scandal-free and digitally flawless — sparking alarm among some in a country already obsessed with unobtainable beauty standards.

How virtual influencers work

The CGI (computer-generated imagery) technology behind Rozy isn’t new. It is ubiquitous in today’s entertainment industry, where artists use it to craft realistic nonhuman characters in movies, computer games and music videos.

But it has only recently been used to make influencers.

Sometimes, Sidus Studio X creates an image of Rozy from head to toe using the technology, an approach that works well for her Instagram images. Other times it superimposes her head onto the body of a human model — when she models clothing, for instance.

An image of Lucy, the Korean virtual human used by Lotte Home Shopping.

An image of Lucy, the Korean virtual human used by Lotte Home Shopping. Credit: Courtesy Lotte Home Shopping

South Korean retail brand Lotte Home Shopping created its virtual influencer — Lucy, who has 78,000 Instagram followers — with software usually used for video games.

Like their real-life counterparts, virtual influencers build a following through social media, where they post snapshots of their “lives” and interact with their fans. Rozy’s account shows her “traveling” to Singapore and enjoying a glass of wine on a rooftop while her fans compliment her outfits.

Older generations might consider interacting with an artificial person somewhat odd. But experts say virtual influencers have struck a chord with younger Koreans, digital natives who spend much of their lives online.

Lee Na-kyoung, a 23-year-old living in Incheon, began following Rozy about two years ago thinking she was a real person.

Rozy followed her back, sometimes commenting on her posts, and a virtual friendship blossomed — one that has endured even after Lee found out the truth.

“We communicated like friends and I felt comfortable with her — so I don’t think of her as an AI but a real friend,” Lee said.

Dior hosts runway show in South Korea for the first time

“I love Rozy’s content,” Lee added. “She’s so pretty that I can’t believe she’s an AI.”

A profitable business

Social media doesn’t just enable virtual influencers to build a fanbase — it’s where the money rolls in.

Rozy’s Instagram, for instance, is dotted with sponsored content where she advertises skincare and fashion products.

“Many big companies in Korea want to use Rozy as a model,” said Baik Seung-yup, the CEO of Sidus Studio X. “This year, we expect to easily reach over two billion Korean won (about $1.52 million) in profit, just with Rozy.”

He added that as Rozy grew more popular, the company landed more sponsorships from luxury brands such as Chanel and Hermes, as well as magazines and other media companies. Her ads have now appeared on television, and even in offline spaces like billboards and the sides of buses.

Lotte expects similar profits this year from Lucy, who has brought in advertising offers from financial and construction companies, according to Lee Bo-hyun, the director of Lotte Home Shopping’s media business division.

The models are in high demand because they help brands reach younger consumers, experts say. Rozy’s clients include a life insurance firm and a bank — companies typically seen as old-fashioned. “But they say their image has become very young after working with Rozy,” Baik said.

It also helps that, compared to some of their real-life counterparts, these new stars are low-maintainance.

It takes Lotte and Sidus Studio X between a few hours and a couple of days to create an image of their stars, and from two days to a few weeks for a video commercial. That’s far less time and labor than is required to produce a commercial featuring real humans — where weeks or months can be spent location scouting and preparing logistics such as lighting, hair and makeup, styling, catering and post-production editing.

And, perhaps just as important: virtual influencers never age, tire or invite controversy.

Lotte decided on a virtual influencer when considering how to maximize its “show hosts,” said Lee.

South Korean men lead the world’s male beauty market. Will the West ever follow suit?

Lotte Home Shopping hires human hosts to advertise products on TV — but they “cost quite a lot,” and “there will be changes when they age,” Lee said. So, they came up with Lucy, who is “forever 29 years old.”

“Lucy is not limited to time or space,” he added. “She can appear anywhere. And there are no moral issues.”

A question about beauty

South Korea isn’t the only place to have embraced virtual influencers.

Among the world’s most famous virtual influencers are Lil Miquela, created by the co-founders of an American tech startup, who has endorsed brands including Calvin Klein and Prada and has more than 3 million Instagram followers; Lu of Magalu, created by a Brazilian retail company, with nearly 6 million Instagram followers; and FNMeka, a rapper created by music company Factory New, with more than 10 million TikTok followers.

But there’s one major difference, according to Lee Eun-hee, a professor at Inha University’s Department of Consumer Science: virtual influencers in other countries tend to reflect a diversity of ethnic backgrounds and beauty ideals.

Virtual humans elsewhere have a “uniqueness,” while “those in Korea are always made beautiful and pretty … (reflecting) the values of each country,” she added.

An image of Rozy, the virtual influencer developed by Sidus Studio X in South Korea.

An image of Rozy, the virtual influencer developed by Sidus Studio X in South Korea. Credit: Sidus Studio X

And in South Korea — often dubbed the “plastic surgery capital of the world” for its booming $10.7 billion industry — there are concerns that virtual influencers could further fuel unrealistic beauty standards.

Younger Koreans have begun pushing back against these ideals in recent years, sparking a movement in 2018 dubbed “escaping the corset.”

This ‘imperfect’ virtual influencer is challenging beauty standards in China

But ideas of what is popularly considered beautiful in the country remain narrow; for women, this usually means a petite figure with large eyes, a small face and pale, clear skin.

And these features are shared by most of the country’s virtual influencers; Lucy has perfect skin, long glossy hair, a slender jaw and a perky nose. Rozy has full lips, long legs and a flat stomach peeking out under her crop tops.

Lee Eun-hee warned that virtual influencers like Rozy and Lucy could be making Korea’s already demanding beauty standards even more unattainable — and heightening the demand for plastic surgery or cosmetic products among women seeking to emulate them.

“Real women want to become like them, and men want to date people of the same appearance,” she said.

An image of Lucy, the Korean virtual human used by Lotte Home Shopping.

An image of Lucy, the Korean virtual human used by Lotte Home Shopping. Credit: Courtesy Lotte Home Shopping

The creators of Rozy and Lucy reject such criticism.

Lotte representative Lee Bo-hyun said they had tried to make Lucy more than just a “pretty image” by crafting an elaborate back story and personality. She studied industrial design, and works in car design. She posts about her job and interests, such as her love for animals and kimbap — rice rolls wrapped in seaweed. In this way, “Lucy is striving to have a good influence in society,” Lee said, adding: “She’s giving a message to the public to ‘do what you want to do according to your beliefs.'”

Baik, the Sidus Studio X CEO, said Rozy isn’t what “anyone would call beautiful” and that the firm had deliberately tried to make her appearance unique and veer away from traditional Korean norms. He pointed to the freckles on her cheeks and her wide-set eyes.

“Rozy shows people the importance of inner confidence,” he added. “There are other virtual humans that are so pretty … but I made Rozy to show that you can still be beautiful (even without a conventionally attractive face).”

‘Digital blackface’

But concerns go beyond Korean beauty standards. Elsewhere in the world there is debate over the ethics of marketing products to consumers who don’t realize the models aren’t human, as well as the risk of cultural appropriation when creating influencers of different ethnicities — labeled by some as “digital blackface.

Facebook and Instagram’s parent company Meta, which has more than 200 virtual influencers on its platforms, has acknowledged the risks.

‘Beauty is freedom’: The North Korean millennials wearing makeup to rebel against the state

“Like any disruptive technology, synthetic media has the potential for both good and harm. Issues of representation, cultural appropriation and expressive liberty are already a growing concern,” the company said in a blog post.

“To help brands navigate the ethical quandaries of this emerging medium and avoid potential hazards, (Meta) is working with partners to develop an ethical framework to guide the use of (virtual influencers).”

But one thing appears clear: the industry is here to stay. As interest in the digital world booms — ranging from the metaverse and virtual reality technologies to digital currencies — companies say virtual influencers are the next frontier.

An image of Rozy, the virtual influencer developed by Sidus Studio X in South Korea.

An image of Rozy, the virtual influencer developed by Sidus Studio X in South Korea. Credit: Sidus Studio X

Lotte is hoping Lucy will move from advertising to entertainment, perhaps by appearing in a television drama. The firm is also working on a virtual human that will appeal to shoppers in their 40s to 60s.

Sidus Studio X has big ambitions, too; Rozy will launch her own cosmetics brand in August, as well as an NFT (non-fungible token), and the firm hopes to create a virtual pop trio to take on the music charts.

Baik points out that most fans don’t meet real celebrities in person, only seeing them on screens. So “there is no big difference between virtual humans and the real-life celebrities they like,” he said.

“We want to change perceptions of how people think of virtual humans,” Baik added. “What we do isn’t to take away people’s jobs, but to do things that humans can’t do, such as work 24 hours or make unique content like walking in the sky.

Cho Eun-young contributed to this report.

Cồn Hến – nỗi khát khao 24 năm bên kia thành Huế

TTO – Từ khi xây dựng kinh thành Huế, cùng với cồn Dã Viên – “hữu Bạch Hổ”, vua Gia Long đã coi cồn Hến là “tả Thanh Long” – biểu trưng cho quyền uy của vương quyền. Thế nhưng, 24 năm kể từ khi có quy hoạch đầu tiên, “rồng xanh” nằm giữa chính đạo sông Hương vẫn bị treo trên bản vẽ.

Hơn 1.000 hộ dân với 4.500 nhân khẩu sống chen chúc “đi không được ở không xong”. Hữu Bạch Hổ đã thành công viên tuyệt đẹp, còn tương lai nào chờ tả Thanh Long?

Quy hoạch đầu tiên cho cồn Hến (phường Vỹ Dạ, TP Huế, Thừa Thiên Huế) ra đời năm 1998 và cho đến nay, qua không biết bao đời chủ tịch tỉnh “vấn đề cồn Hến” vẫn chưa thể tìm ra lời giải phù hợp.

Đọc tiếp Cồn Hến – nỗi khát khao 24 năm bên kia thành Huế