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The Speech of Peter

Hi everyone,

Below are Acts 2 and my writing about Acts 2.

Acts is the fifth book of the New Testament, after the four Gospels. Acts tells things that apostles of Jesus Christ did after Jesus was executed.  Acts 2 means Chapter 2 of Acts.

I focus on 3 things in Acts 2 (which are also 3 things in Peter’s speech). Peter – Saint Peter – was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ. He was also the “Apostle of the Apostles”.


***

Acts 2 New International Version (NIV)

The Holy Spirit Comes at Pentecost

2 When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. 2Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3 They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. 4 All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues[a] as the Spirit enabled them.

5 Now there were staying in Jerusalem God-fearing Jews from every nation under heaven. 6 When they heard this sound, a crowd came together in bewilderment, because each one heard their own language being spoken. 7Utterly amazed, they asked: “Aren’t all these who are speaking Galileans? 8Then how is it that each of us hears them in our native language? 9 Parthians, Medes and Elamites; residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia,[b] 10 Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya near Cyrene; visitors from Rome 11 (both Jews and converts to Judaism); Cretans and Arabs—we hear them declaring the wonders of God in our own tongues!” 12 Amazed and perplexed, they asked one another, “What does this mean?”

13 Some, however, made fun of them and said, “They have had too much wine.”

Peter Addresses the Crowd

14 Then Peter stood up with the Eleven, raised his voice and addressed the crowd: “Fellow Jews and all of you who live in Jerusalem, let me explain this to you; listen carefully to what I say. 15 These people are not drunk, as you suppose. It’s only nine in the morning! 16 No, this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel:

17 “‘In the last days, God says,
I will pour out my Spirit on all people.
Your sons and daughters will prophesy,
your young men will see visions,
your old men will dream dreams.
18 Even on my servants, both men and women,
I will pour out my Spirit in those days,
and they will prophesy.
19 I will show wonders in the heavens above
and signs on the earth below,
blood and fire and billows of smoke.
20 The sun will be turned to darkness
and the moon to blood
before the coming of the great and glorious day of the Lord.
21 And everyone who calls
on the name of the Lord will be saved.’[c]

22 “Fellow Israelites, listen to this: Jesus of Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you by miracles, wonders and signs, which God did among you through him, as you yourselves know. 23 This man was handed over to you by God’s deliberate plan and foreknowledge; and you, with the help of wicked men,[d] put him to death by nailing him to the cross. 24 But God raised him from the dead, freeing him from the agony of death, because it was impossible for death to keep its hold on him. 25 David said about him:

“‘I saw the Lord always before me.
Because he is at my right hand,
I will not be shaken.
26 Therefore my heart is glad and my tongue rejoices;
my body also will rest in hope,
27 because you will not abandon me to the realm of the dead,
you will not let your holy one see decay.
28 You have made known to me the paths of life;
you will fill me with joy in your presence.’[e]

29 “Fellow Israelites, I can tell you confidently that the patriarch David died and was buried, and his tomb is here to this day. 30 But he was a prophet and knew that God had promised him on oath that he would place one of his descendants on his throne. 31 Seeing what was to come, he spoke of the resurrection of the Messiah, that he was not abandoned to the realm of the dead, nor did his body see decay. 32 God has raised this Jesus to life, and we are all witnesses of it. 33Exalted to the right hand of God, he has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit and has poured out what you now see and hear. 34 For David did not ascend to heaven, and yet he said,

“‘The Lord said to my Lord:
“Sit at my right hand
35 until I make your enemies
a footstool for your feet.”’[f]

36 “Therefore let all Israel be assured of this: God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Messiah.”

37 When the people heard this, they were cut to the heart and said to Peter and the other apostles, “Brothers, what shall we do?”

38 Peter replied, “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 39 The promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off—for all whom the Lord our God will call.”

40 With many other words he warned them; and he pleaded with them, “Save yourselves from this corrupt generation.” 41 Those who accepted his message were baptized, and about three thousand were added to their number that day.

The Fellowship of the Believers

42 They devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and to fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayer. 43 Everyone was filled with awe at the many wonders and signs performed by the apostles. 44 All the believers were together and had everything in common. 45 They sold property and possessions to give to anyone who had need. 46 Every day they continued to meet together in the temple courts. They broke bread in their homes and ate together with glad and sincere hearts, 47 praising God and enjoying the favor of all the people. And the Lord added to their number daily those who were being saved.

FOOTNOTES:

  1. Acts 2:4 Or languages; also in verse 11
  2. Acts 2:9 That is, the Roman province by that name
  3. Acts 2:21 Joel 2:28-32
  4. Acts 2:23 Or of those not having the law (that is, Gentiles)
  5. Acts 2:28 Psalm 16:8-11 (see Septuagint)
  6. Acts 2:35 Psalm 110:1

Below is my writing about Acts 2.

I focus on 3 things in Acts 2 (which are also 3 things in Peter’s speech):

1. Acts 2:4 – All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit…

This was also the thing that Peter told the crowd (bold words), Acts 2:16-21:

“…16 No, this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel:

17 “‘In the last days, God says,
I will pour out my Spirit on all people.
Your sons and daughters will prophesy,
your young men will see visions,
your old men will dream dreams.
18 Even on my servants, both men and women,
I will pour out my Spirit in those days,
and they will prophesy.
19 I will show wonders in the heavens above
and signs on the earth below,
blood and fire and billows of smoke.
20 The sun will be turned to darkness
and the moon to blood
before the coming of the great and glorious day of the Lord.
21 And everyone who calls
on the name of the Lord will be saved.’[c]…”

All people received the Spirit that God poured out on them.

Yes, all people including the small group with 11 disciples and the Jesus believers (a group numbering about a hundred and twenty – according to Acts 1:15) and the big group with sons, daughters, young men, old men, servants both men and women…

All people were equal before God.  We all are equal before God.

This was a revolutionary idea at that time. And this idea was meaningful to all people, especially women, servants and the poor (material and spiritual poverty).

Women at that time almost had no value. And servants and the poor were oppressed by their owners, the Pharisees and the Sadducees (Jewish spiritual leaders), and the Roman government.

 

2. Acts 2:24 – But God raised him from the dead…

Yes, Jesus – was a man – died on the cross – and God raised him from the dead.

This resurrection gives all people the faith about life, human, and God – that we will not be abandoned in the realm of the dead. God is always in us and whoever believes in God shall not perish but have eternal life.

Jesus’ victory over death releases all people, especially women, servants and the poor (material and spiritual poverty), from the agony of death and gives them life. In Jesus, we will be still, know the paths of life, and enjoy true happiness.

The following sentences also show Jesus’ resurrection:

25 David said about him:

“‘I saw the Lord always before me.
Because he is at my right hand,
I will not be shaken.
26 Therefore my heart is glad and my tongue rejoices;
my body also will rest in hope,
27 because you will not abandon me to the realm of the dead,
you will not let your holy one see decay.
28 You have made known to me the paths of life;
you will fill me with joy in your presence.’[e]

 

3. Acts 2:36 – …God has made this Jesus… both Lord and Messiah.”

This meant Jesus was God and was Messiah. Jesus was the one who was to come, so the Jews and all people didn’t need to expect someone else.

At that time, there was thought about the Messiah (Savior) whom the Jews had waited for at least 800 years (from the time of Prophet Isaiah): The Jews thought that the Messiah would be the most powerful king in the world, and that the Messiah would free the Jews from the Roman and other oppressive powers that enslaved them, turning the  Jews into the world’s most powerful nation.

Yes, Jesus came and freed them. But Jesus did not free them from the Roman and other enslaving powers as they wished. Jesus freed them from their own slavery of the mind.

Jesus freed them by teaching them: (1) to believe in God and (2) to believe in Jesus who had come from God.

 

In short, Peter addressed 3 points:

– All people are equal before God and filled with the Holy Spirit.

– All people who believe in God shall not perish but have eternal life.

– Jesus is God and is the Messiah, so all people don’t need to expect someone else.

 

Thank you, everyone.

Have a nice day.

Thu Hương

5 cảm nghĩ về “The Speech of Peter”

  1. Hi chị Hương,

    Cảm ơn chị Hương.
    Em xin gửi bản tiếng việt “Công vụ 2” cho anh chị em nào cần, có thể đọc thêm:

    https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=công+vụ+2&version=NVB

    Và dịch 1 đoạn ngắn tóm gọn cuối cùng:

    “Tóm lại, Peter muốn chú trọng vào 3 điều:

    – Tất cả mọi người đều bình đẳng trước Thiên Chúa và sẽ được đầy tràn bởi Thánh Linh Chúa/Chúa Thánh Thần.

    – Tất cả những ai tin Chúa sẽ không bị hư mất mà được sự sống đời đời.

    – Chúa Giêsu là Thiên Chúa và là Chúa Cứu Thế, vì vậy tất cả mọi người không cần phải chờ đợi một ai khác.”

    Have a nice day.

    Em Phương.

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  2. Cám ơn Phương đã dịch đoạn kết luận.

    Đây là ý văn nguyên thủy của chị: “Tất cả mọi người đều bình đẳng trước Thiên Chúa và đã được đầy tràn bởi Thánh Linh Chúa/Chúa Thánh Thần.” – “All people are equal before God and filled with the Holy Spirit.”

    Chữ “đã” ở đây có nghĩa là tất cả mọi người đã nhận được rồi.

    Giêsu đã cho tất cả mọi người ân sủng được nối kết với Thiên Chúa (hay nói cách khác, Giêsu đã đổ đầy Thánh linh vào tất cả mọi người rồi). Đó là món quà Giêsu cho ta. Ta có nhận hay không là việc của ta. Và ta nhận bằng cách tin vào Giêsu.

    Like

  3. Dạ,

    Cảm ơn chị Hương.

    Em thực sự phân vân không dám dịch thành chữ “đã” mặc dù thấy từ “filled”.
    Bây giờ em đã có thể chắc Chúa đã đổ Thánh Linh vào từng người từ lời chị Hương nói.
    Em sẽ cố gắng gia tăng niềm tin của mình và focus vào Chúa.

    Em Phương

    Like

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