Danh mục lưu trữ: Trang tiếng Anh

The Asia-Pacific Antitrust Review 2015 – Vietnam: Merger Control

Globalcompetitionreview – Under Vietnam’s Competition Law (VCL), economic concentration includes company mergers, consolidations and acquisitions, and the creation of joint venture. Since it was created in 2005, the Vietnam Competition Authority (VCA) has not officially rejected any proposals for economic concentration that have been notified. However, this does not necessarily mean that this aspect of competition law is overlooked in Vietnam. According to the VCA’s reports, since 2011, it has dealt with an average of three to four notifications per year. In addition, the VCA is closely monitoring merger and acquisition activities in the market by cooperating with the licensing authorities and administering the structural changes of enterprises to ensure that all economic concentration is properly controlled by the competition authority. Notably, on 22 December 2014, the prime minister issued Decision 2327/QD-TTg (Decision 2327), granting an exemption to a merger between the only two card networks, resulting in a monopoly in the relevant market. This is remarkable for being the first exemption granted by the prime minister after 10 year’s enforcement of the VCL.

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The Hillary Clinton Doctrine

What Does Hillary Clinton Believe In?

Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton speaks about gun violence and stricter gun control during a townhall meeting in New Hampshire on Oct. 5, 2015. (Melina Mara/Washington Post via Getty Images)

For four years she was Obama’s loyal secretary of state. Her critics call her an interventionist, her admirers tough-minded. What kind of president would she be?

By James Traub

On Jan. 13, 2011, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton gave what turned out to be a remarkably prescient speech in Doha, Qatar. “The region’s foundations are sinking into the sand,” she warned. If you do not manage to “build a future that your young people will believe in,” she told the Arab heads of state in the audience, the status quo they had long defended would collapse. The very next day, Tunisia’s dictator was forced to flee the country. Almost two weeks later, hundreds of thousands of Egyptians thronged Cairo’s Tahrir Square demanding that then-President Hosni Mubarak step down. Over the following week, Clinton and her colleagues in the Barack Obama administration engaged in an intense debate over how to respond to this astonishing turn of events. Should they side with the young people in the streets demanding an immediate end to the deadening hand of autocratic rule, or with the rulers whom Clinton had admonished, but who nevertheless represented a stable order underpinned by American power and diplomacy?

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Implications of a Low-Carbon Future

2016 Global Forecast

  • Nov 16, 2015

    The world relies heavily on fossil fuels to meet its energy needs, and the development and trade of those fuels has influenced relationships among countries throughout modern history. Most reasonable projections of the next several decades anticipate that the role of coal, oil, and gas will be maintained but lose market share to lower-carbon energy sources like wind, solar, nuclear, and greater efficiency. Despite the continued role for fossil fuels, the push for greater reliance on lower-carbon energy sources has made progress since it began in earnest several decades ago.

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Loss of diversity near melting coastal glaciers

Loss of diversity near melting coastal glaciers

Sedimentation impacting an entire ecosystem on seafloor

November 13, 2015
Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research
Melting glaciers are causing a loss of species diversity among benthos in the coastal waters off the Antarctic Peninsula, impacting an entire seafloor ecosystem. This has been verified in the course of repeated research dives, the results of which were recently published by experts from Argentina, Germany and Great Britain.
Particularly tall-growing ascidians like some previously dominant sea squirt species cannot adapt to the changed conditions and die out, while their shorter relatives can readily accommodate the cloudy water and sediment cover
Credit: Alfred Wegener Institute / Christian Lagger (CONICET)

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UNESCO and Youth – Strategy


Today, more than ever, young women and men are change-makers, building new realities for themselves and their communities. All over the world, youth are driving social change and innovation, claiming respect for their fundamental human rights and freedoms, and seeking new opportunities to learn and work together for a better future.

Youth Strategy - Graphic

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Washington’s Muddled Message in the South China Sea

TĐH: I totally disagree with this article and the experts it quotes as support.China has a policy of requiring any foreign vessel to (1) inform Chinese authorities of its intention to make an innocent passage through Chinese territorial sea, and (2) have Chinese permission prior to making such innocent passage.

USS Lassen did not inform Chinese authorities and did not have a Chinese permission, so that was not an innocent passage according to Chinese standards, and that explaines why China was so upset at USS Lassen passage.

That was a US Freedom of Navigation at the lowest level, which was a very good strategy. You don’t want to shock China so much with your first FON sail. Just enough to get China noticed. Then you can increase intensity in later sails.

FP Report

Washington’s Muddled Message in the South China Sea

After months of internal debate, the Obama administration last week finally decided to dispatch a warship to challenge China’s far-reaching territorial claims in the South China Sea. But in the days since, U.S. officials have offered conflicting accounts of the operation, potentially undermining the whole point of the symbolic mission and raising doubts about whether Washington is ready to test Beijing’s claims at all.

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How Thailand’s Solar Power Visionary Built an Industry with a Boost from IFC


Courtesy of Solar Power Company Group

  • One of the winners of this year’s UN Momentum for Change awards has been transforming Thailand’s renewable energy capacity with utility-scale solar farms.
  • To get finance flowing for what was then a new industry in the country, she worked with the World Bank Group’s International Finance Corporation (IFC) and the Clean Technology Fund to access blended finance.
  • The project is increasing clean energy capacity while helping drive economic growth in one of Thailand’s most impoverished regions.

Worldbank – Thailand’s solar power market was at a standstill in 2008, with solar energy accounting for less than 2 MW of installed capacity. Technology costs were falling, though, and the government was starting incentives for renewable energy developers. Wandee Khunchornyakong, a retired solar panel manufacturing executive, saw potential.

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How Vietnamese villagers beat drinking addiction to end years of poverty

Ho E Not, head of a village in central Vietnam, has persuaded everyone to stop drinking to build a better life. Photo: Hoang Tao/VnExpressHo E Not, head of a village in central Vietnam, has persuaded everyone to stop drinking to build a better life. Photo: Hoang Tao/VnExpress

Ho E Not used to beat his wife and their children whenever she refused to give him money for drinking.

“I was tired every time I came from the field and I craved for some alcohol,” Not told news website VnExpress from the central province of Quang Tri.

But one day, 15 years ago, his youngest child kept crying because there was nothing to eat. It hit him hard. He decided to stop drinking.

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UNDP Vietnam: Policy recommendations to the draft law on referedum

Download this Document

12 Nov 2015


The development of a Law on Referendum is a significant step toward building the rule-of-law state and the promotion of direct democracy in line with the provisions of the 2013 Constitution of Vietnam (hereafter, “the Constitution”). The analysis and recommendations in this Policy Brief and Recommendations have been made in reference to the Draft Law on Referendum (hereafter, “the Draft law”), which has been submitted to the XIII National Assembly of Vietnam, at its 10th Session in October 2015.

Measuring Land Rights for a Sustainable Future

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This post is written by Kaitlin Y. Cordes, Head of Land and Agriculture at the Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment, and Jeffrey D. Sachs, Director of The Earth Institute and Special Advisor to United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on the Millennium Development Goals.

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CSIS: Vietnam Eyes Greater International Integration— & That’s Good News for the United States

by  • October 15, 2015 •
By Phuong Nguyen

Street in the business district of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Source: Jo.sau's flickr photostream, used under a creative commons license.

For the first time since Vietnam opened up to the world in the late 1980s, the country’s trajectory could shape the future geopolitics of Southeast Asia in significant ways. What that trajectory ought to look like has been a topic of intense discussions among Vietnamese leaders in recent months, as Vietnam gears up for the twelfth Communist Party Congress, expected to take place in early 2016.

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The Impact of Artificial Islands on Territorial Disputes Over The Sparatly Islands

by Zou Keyuan

Abstract: The issue of artificial islands in the South China Sea has little been detailed discussed in the context of territorial and maritime disputes. Even in international law, the term “artificial islands” remains controversial and there is no universally accepted definition of it, though several provisions of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea mention “artificial islands”.


With the development of science and technology and the increasing endeavors of nations States to creep over to occupy more space from the oceans, the issue of artificial islands becomes more salient. This paper attempts to discuss this issue in an international law perspective with special reference to the Spratly Islands and to provoke more discussions about it in future.


It is difficult to find a clear answer to the question on how and to what extent artificial islands will have impacts on the disputes over the Spratly Islands. There might also be some doubts as to whether there are artificial islands really existing in the South China Sea. If yes, what are these artificial islands? This paper attempts to discuss the issue of artificial islands in an international law perspective. Although the term artificial islands also includes artificial installations and structures such as oil platforms or fishing breeding constructions (for example, abandoned or obsolete oil platforms sometimes can be used as artificial reefs for fishery habitat construction),[1]this paper mainly focuses on artificial islands per se.

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Religion and Human Rights: The challenges of universalism and cultural particularism

Eleanor Roosevelt, the first chairperson of the UN Human Rights Commission and a driving force behind the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, holds the finished document. Courtesy of Wikimedia.

Tuesday 10 December 2013 is World Human Rights Day, marking the 65th anniversary of the United Nations General Assembly vote to adopt the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In recognition of this milestone, this week The Religion Factor features a series of reflections from scholars and practitioners on the relationship between religion and human rights, particularly in developing contexts. In today’s post, Erin Wilson reflects on the debate over whether human rights really are universal and the role that religions can play in relating values and rights from their particular cultural contexts to the universal and back again.

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Mega-regional infrastructure initiatives – Asia’s new noodle bowl?

Published on Monday, 26 October 2015

ADB has financed part of the Almaty-Bishkek highway.

ADB has financed part of the Almaty-Bishkek highway.

One of the striking lessons from Asia’s success over the past few decades is that it makes economic sense to invest in regional infrastructure to link two or more countries to support outward-oriented development strategies.

Cross-border projects such as the Almaty-Bishkek regional road in Central Asia, the India-Bangladesh Electrical Grid Interconnection project, and the Tonga-Fiji Submarine Cable have enhanced Asia’s economic development by stimulating flows of goods, services, investment, people and technology. They have also fostered regional peace and cooperation. Negative effects such as environmental degradation, displaced people, crime and trafficking from such projects have been largely mitigated through safeguards and public policies.

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Countdown: District Has 30 Days to Change Transgender Student Locker Room Policy or Lose Federal Funds

TĐH: Vietnam will face this issue eventually

Should transgender students have full access to locker rooms? (Photo: Ed Sacckett/KRT/Newscom)

Uncle Sam isn’t going to let schools place certain restrictions on how transgender students use a single-sex locker room.

A school district near Chicago, Palatine 211, provides numerous accommodations for transgender students. The district calls the students by requested names, honors selected gender (including allowing them to play on the sports teams of the gender they identify as belonging to), and permits them to use single-sex bathrooms, since stalls ensure privacy.

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